The obesity epidemic in the United Kingdom is out of control, and none of the measures being undertaken show signs of halting the problem, let alone reversing. Obesity, an excessive body fat content with increased risk of morbidity, has become increasingly common in children and adolescents. Confusion exists. Obesity is an epidemic, says the World Health Organization. The prevalence of adult obesity has exceeded 30% in the United States, is over 20% in most of.
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PDF | Identifying people who are overweight, and particularly with accumulation of excessive visceral fat, is essential for directing future. Being overweight or obese presents a risk to your health by increasing the likelihood of developing diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure and other. ABC of obesity now obese, with multiple health problems related to a body .. * threadergrenacmu.ml (accessed 1 Aug ).
Weight management and measurement of fasting lipid profile, glucose, and blood pressure should be encouraged. This could be used to identify people at high risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes through risk factors related to obesity, which individually might fall below treatment thresholds.
Without these steps the contract creates more work with no clinical benefit.
2. Restricting junk food advertising on TV and radio
The arguments are strong for awarding points for assessing obese individuals and offering weight management programmes. The clinical and economic benefit will be extended if effective obesity prevention strategies can be developed.
These are not alternative strategies: Obesity affects almost every aspect of life and medical practice.
The rise in obesity and its complications threatens to bankrupt the healthcare system. Early treatment and prevention offer multiple long term health benefits, and they are the only way towards a sustainable health service.
Doctors in all medical and surgical specialties can contribute. The figure showing obesity in English girls and boys aged uses data from Health Survey for England using criteria of the International Obesity Task Force for overweight and obesity , and is adapted from British Medical Association Board of Science. Preventing childhood obesity , www.
The box showing health consequences of obesity is adapted from International Obesity Taskforce www. Obesity as a disease. Br Med Bull ; The series will be published as a book by Blackwell Publishing early in Competing interests: NS has received fees for consulting and speaking from Sanofi-Aventis, GlaxoSmithKline, and Merck, and from several companies in the field of lipid lowering therapy.
ML has received personal and departmental funding from most major pharmaceutical companies involved in obesity research, and from several food companies. A full list can be seen on www. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U.
Journal List BMJ v. Copyright and License information Disclaimer. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Open in a separate window. Figure 1. Table 1 Definition of obesity. Limited time to act Obesity can be dealt with using three expensive options: Treat an almost exponential rise in secondary clinical consequences of obesity Treat the underlying obesity in a soaring number of people to prevent secondary clinical complications Reverse the societal and commercial changes of the past years, which have conspired with our genes to make overweight or obesity more normal.
1. Putting a tax on sugary drinks
Figure 2. This is the first article in the series. Health consequences It has been known for centuries that obesity is the cause of serious chronic disease.
Table 2 Health consequences of obesity. The cost of doing nothing—the economics of obesity in Scotland.
University of Glasgow, www. Benefits of managing obesity Uniquely among chronic diseases, obesity does not need a scientific breakthrough to be treated successfully.
Beyond BMI The most clinically telling physical sign of serious underlying disease is increased waist circumference, which is linked to insulin resistance, hypertension, dyslipidaemia, a proinflammatory state, type 2 diabetes, and coronary heart disease. Figure 3.
Supplied: Federal Department of Health Australia's health star rating scheme allows product packaging to display a health rating out of five stars. Many experts have been critical of the scheme , and in the ABC's Fact Check found more stars did not always mean a healthier product.
The researchers say changes to the scheme should be fast-tracked to deal with anomalies and design issues. They also wants the scheme to be made mandatory for all packaged foods by July, — at the moment it is completely up to food manufacturers whether or not they want to take part.
Restricting junk food sponsorship of sport Photo: Health experts want a rethink on the relationship between junk food and sport. ABC News: Mark Moore The report recommends the staged removal of unhealthy food and beverage sponsorship of major sporting codes and events.
It follows calls from organisations like the Royal Australasian College of Physicians, which recently raised concerns about alcohol advertising during cricket events , and naming rights deals that have resulted in events being given names such as "the VB One Day International". ABC News: Clare Rawlinson The report recommends the implementation of time-based restrictions of unhealthy food and drink advertising, so that it would effectively be banned on television and radio before pm.
Obesity—time to wake up
A review of international evidence done by the World Health Organisation in found strong evidence that food advertising influences children's food downloading, and the requests they make to their parents. Kids see junk food ads all the time," Dr Sacks said.
In Quebec, Canada, there is a ban on all commercial advertising directed to children, and Spain has legislation to keep kindergartens and schools free from all advertising. Changing the health star rating scheme Photo: An example of the Government's health star rating device.
Supplied: Federal Department of Health Australia's health star rating scheme allows product packaging to display a health rating out of five stars. Many experts have been critical of the scheme , and in the ABC's Fact Check found more stars did not always mean a healthier product.Eur Heart J ; It has been known for centuries that obesity is the cause of serious chronic disease. Table 4 Core actions proposed by WHO.
Obesity—time to wake up
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