AMERICAN SIGN LANGUAGE PHRASE BOOK

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The American Sign Language Phrase Book [Barbara Bernstein Fant, Betty Miller, Lou Fant] on threadergrenacmu.ml *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Open up a. The American Sign Language Phrase Book with DVD [Barbara Bernstein Fant, Lou Fant] on threadergrenacmu.ml *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Open up a. The American Sign Language Phrase Book [Betty G.; Fant, Lou (Louie J.) Miller] on threadergrenacmu.ml *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Slight crease on spine.


American Sign Language Phrase Book

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Editorial Reviews. About the Author. Lou Fant () was heralded as a leading expert in the ASL field and an ambassador between the deaf and hearing. The American Sign Language Phrase Book book. Read 16 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. Useful for those interested in understanding. The American Sign Language Phrase Book (English Edition) eBook: Lou Fant, Barbara Bernstein Fant, Betty Miller: threadergrenacmu.ml: Loja site.

Ballard, JJ. Zettel, M. Gerry, J. Benton , B. Smith, J. Barresi, pp. Despite its small size, Special Education in America: Its Legal and Governmental Foundations provides a valuable and indepth source of information for educators, school administrators , and other professionals involved in the education of the disabled. Six chapters focus on issues ranging from the infancy of American education of the deaf by the establishment of the first state residential school for the deaf to events leading up to the federal legislation providing education not only for special education students but also for the gifted and talented.

Public policy issues are detailed, leading to discussions of the enactment of federal laws, such as PL. These laws are examined in light of their mutual interaction, the legal remedies that are available to schools, disabled students, and their parents, and the impact of the laws on the civil rights of the disabled.

The arrows then show that the hands reverse positions again as the hands move to the third position. This will occur only rarely, but if in doubt, look at the numbers.

The sign looks as if you are guiding a horse with the reins.

The broken arrow means that there may be two or three repetitions of the sign. The sign is repeated third and fourth positions only once in the drawing. WAIT Figure When you make the sign, however, do not turn to your right, but make it straight toward the person to whom you are signing. In a few of the drawings, such as those for LESSON Figures 27 and 28 , the signer is shown from a rear view, as well as from the front, to help you to see the sign more clearly.

WANT Figure In these cases, each sentence, along with its component signs, is shown and indicated with a letter. The expressions are by no means the same all the time.

The same sign will 16 The American Sign Language Phrase Book require different expressions at different times, depending upon the feeling you wish to convey. Bright lights are to deaf people what noise is to hearing people.

If the person is too far away to touch, wave your arm. The manner in which these are done carry subtle meanings that are learned only with years of experience. This often happens in a crowded room or when two deaf people are seated far apart from each other. If you do such things, the deaf person will constantly turn to look at you to see what you want. Deaf people are extra-sensitive to vibrations, so avoid making unnecessary ones. These systems are ways of putting the English language into a manual-visual form; thus, they are called systems of Manually Coded English MCEs.

They are designed primarily for the purpose of teaching English to deaf children.

In an MCE the signs are arranged in accordance with the rules of English grammar. ASL, on the other hand, is not a way of coding English but rather a language in and of itself. It differs from English in many respects. This book is concerned solely with ASL.

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Light, Sight, and Space Most languages are based entirely on sounds, and herein lies the unique difference between spoken language and ASL. Instead of sound waves in the form of spoken words, ASL uses light waves in the form of signs. ASL is a visual-spatial language. One sees ASL, and hearing plays absolutely no part in it. ASL is not mime, although mime sometimes is incorporated into the language.

This imaginary line is called the sight line. The sight line divides all space into the right or left side.

Once this is done, the signer merely points to that space when reference to it is made. He was driving a new car. This movement tells the watcher that the signer is about to say something about someone.

Placement of more than one person, place, or object in the same space at the same time may not be done, but placement in other spaces at the same time may be done. Notice that the restaurant is nearer the signer, and the movie is farther out. Both may be to the right of the sight line, but they occupy slightly different spaces. Avoid placing persons on the sight line itself.

This space, with some exceptions, is reserved for the watcher. Any signs that move on or along the sight line have to do with the watcher, and no one else may occupy this area. An exception to this rule is illustrated by the following example: I have a book.

It is interesting. When placing things on the sight line that have no reference to the watcher, place them near the signer and be sure to point to that space.

The characteristic rising of the voice toward the end of a question is another example. In ASL, the face has these duties and supplies additional subtleties and nuances of meaning. Facial expressions in ASL are especially important when asking questions. In general, when one asks a wh- sign question who, what, why, where, when, which, and how the eyebrows usually go downward.

These are not rigid rules, and you may sometimes see something different, but these rules do generally apply. That the eyebrows will move up or down, however, is a certainty when asking questions.

The signer must learn to be expressive with the eyes and mouth as well as with the eyebrows. The eyes will open wide or squint to narrow slits; the mouth will open and close; the lips will purse and stretch; the cheeks will puff out; and even the tongue will sometimes protrude.

Information is communicated not only by the face but also by the head, shoulders, torso, legs, and feet. The head may tilt forward, back, or to the side, especially when questions are asked. The incorporation of the whole body into the expression of sign language is absolutely required for clear, understandable communication.

It is possible, of course, to overdo the matter, but it is bet- A Guide to American Sign Language 29 ter to err on the side of doing too much than too little. Deaf people are often described as animated, alive, vibrant, etc. This is due to their mastery of body language.

For successful communication, you must do likewise. For additional practice in facial expressions, body language, and the use of the hands to express ideas and convey information, I suggest the book and videotapes produced by Gilbert Eastman entitled From Mime to Sign. It is, therefore, a pleasure to inform you that such is not the case with ASL. Learning to place actions in the past or future is comparatively simple. No tenses are incorporated in the signs themselves.

Tense is conveyed by using signs that tell when an action takes place, and these particular signs are called time indicators. I saw. Tomorrow, I will see.

Context is used a great deal in ASL when establishing or determining tense. For instance, the signer may tell the watcher about an incident that occurred some time in the past or that will occur in the future. The watcher knows that all the events described by the signer occur in the time frame established at the beginning of the statement by the time indicator sign used.

Movement in verb signs may express who is performing an action the subject and to whom the action is directed the direct object.

This quality of movement is called verb directionality. A Guide to American Sign Language 35 The nondirectional verbs do not express either subject or direct object; therefore, these two things subject and direct object nouns and pronouns must be supplied. I love you. Subject and direct object signs must be supplied. One-directional verb signs express direct object but not subject, as in these sentences: The exception to this rule occurs when the signer is the direct object.

You see me. Notice also that the SEE sign does indeed move slightly to the right of the sight line, not directly toward the watcher. The movement of multi-directional signs expresses both subject and direct object. The sign moves from the subject toward the direct object; thus, neither the subject nor direct object is signed. HELP In the following illustration, the body is faced to your left to give you a better view of how the sign is made, but the sign itself goes along the sight line from the signer to the watcher.

He helps me. HELP He helps her. The movement toward a space normally implies that whoever occupies that space is the direct object. It is raining. I am sick. I am really sick. The TRUE sign also means true, truly, real, really, sure, surely, certainly, indeed, and actually. The same applies to signs. If the signer signs TREE, the watcher understands it immediately without having to think the word tree.

In other words, a sign stands for an idea or concept; it does not stand for a word. Languages do not work that way. Making Statements Language is made up of utterances or statements. There are two kinds of statements, those that ask questions and those that do not ask questions. Statements That Ask Questions 1. The eyebrows are not always raised, but generally they are. Are you hungry? Wh- Sign Questions. These questions are also accompanied by one of the head tilts shown on pages 27 and 28 and by lowered eyebrows as shown on page Again, the eyebrows may not always be lowered, but generally they are.

If you wish to emphasize a question, place it at the end. Do not use a wh- sign in statements that do not ask questions. A different way of making the statement is used. Rhetorical Questions RHQ. This type of question does not require an answer. Negative Questions. Usually you just shake your head as you ask the question, but you may add a sign of negation as well.

Simple Statements. Complex Statements. Commands or Requests. The command tells someone to do something. Exclamatory Statements.

These statements express a strong reaction to something. As in English, these statements usually consist of only one sign in ASL. A Guide to American Sign Language 55 Stringing the Signs Together The fascinating part of any language is learning how to put the words together correctly to make a statement.

The way words are strung together is the syntax of a language. Except for simple statements, commands, requests, and exclamatory statements, ASL differs considerably from English in syntax.

First, we need to deal with the concept of topicalization, which means that a statement begins with a topic. The topic may be a person, a thing, an action, or an event. The topic of a statement is always followed by the comment. Topic-comment statements fall into one of several categories, which makes them easier to identify. Descriptive Statements. In these statements the topic is described and the description is the comment. We will talk more later about the pronoun me coming after the verb download.

I bought a new red car. Cause and Effect or Stimulus-Response Statements. I cannot, for example, scream before a safe falls out of the sky and lands a few feet from me. The American Sign Language Phrase Book 60 First you see the plane land, then you see everyone get out and that no one is hurt, and then you feel happy.

I was happy that no one was hurt when the plane landed safely. These statements require that you visualize the whole scene, just as you did with the airplane, but this time you move from the large to the small. I was exhausted by the time I arrived at the hotel in New York. ASL is, after all, a visual language, so you must develop this skill. I can't fasten my belt? When I took my coat to the cleaners, it shrunk Sports and Recreation Do you like to play baseball? I run every day?

I enjoy going to the mountains to fish? Can you ski? I went camping last summer? I can roller-skate, but I've never tried ice-skating? We went canoeing every day? He has a sailboat? She's an expert surfer? I don't like to swim in the ocean? Many people hunt in the fall? He's crazy about betting on the horses? She loves to ride horses? He hopes to compete in the Olympics? What do you do in your spare time?

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Do you like to dance? Do you want to learn to dance? Let's stop and rest now? I go bowling every week? Travel Someday I'm going to Africa? Have you ever been to Japan? I'm flying to New York tonight? Are your bags packed? I'll take you to the airport?

Which airline are you taking?

What time does the plane take off? Do you have your ticket? May I see your ticket, please? The airport is closed due to fog?

The flight has been delayed an hour? The flight has been canceled? I have to change planes in Chicago? There's a two-hour layover? The seats are not reserved? The plane is ready for boarding now? Have you checked your luggage? Please fasten your seat belt? Would you like a magazine or newspaper? We will land in ten minutes? Is somebody meeting you? I enjoy riding a train? What time does the bus arrive?

What time does the train leave? Have you bought your ticket? I'm going to the hotel to take a bath? How long are you staying? The elevator is stuck? Can you drive? I don't have a license? Do you know how to use a manual shift?

It's illegal to park here overnight? Slow down and make a right turn? Make a left turn and stop? Would you call me a cab, please? Come and visit me sometime? Animals, Colors I voted; did you? Who's the new president? Who won the election? She is a congresswoman? We must pay taxes to support the government? Our country is large? I had to pay a parking fine? Which city is the capitol?

If you break the law, you might go to jail? If you disobey the law, you will be punished? You must obey the law? The police arrested him for speeding? She plans to sue them? They are on strike against the company?

Last year the students protested? I was on the picket line all morning? I move we pass it? I second the motion? Did you receive a notification to appear in court? Do you belong to the P. He's on Social Security? She gets Supplementary Salary Income? If you go to court, you should have a good lawyer Religion Are you a Christian? Judaism is an old religion? Are you a Roman Catholic or a Protestant? He's an atheist? Have you been baptized? I go to church every Sunday? Jewish people go to temple on the Sabbath?

Which church do you belong to? He used to be a preacher? She's a missionary? Do you want me to interpret the sermon? Numbers, Time, Dates, and Money What's your number? It is ? It is ten till nine? He is 87 years old? I was born in ? My birthday is April 3, ? I'll see you next Monday? I visited my aunt two months ago? I bought a new house two years ago? I graduate in two years? I pay every three months? He goes to the movies every Tuesday? I see her every Saturday?

The fourth of July is a holiday? How much does the book cost? Can you change a five?

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How much did you pay? I paid less than you? I have no money? I'm broke? How much does it cost to get in? How much does he owe? Technology I have e-mail? Would you mind giving me your e-mail address? Which Internet service provider do you use? Do you have cable TV? I do not have cable service? Please fax me your resume? I bought a laptop?

What make is your computer? How much memory does your computer have? Copy and paste your document?

Category:American Sign Language phrasebook

Download this program?My nose runs. In the following sentence, the questioning expression happens with the DISOBEY sign, which is followed by a pause before the rest of the statement is signed. In a few of the drawings, such as those for LESSON Figures 27 and 28 , the signer is shown from a rear view, as well as from the front, to help you to see the sign more clearly.

I take it black, please? Rating details.

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